In addition to the particular breed, there are other factors that determine the number of offspring per birth. For example, Mother's age is fundamental. A young dog is more likely to give birth to more dogs (especially if it is her first pregnancy). On the other hand, an adult significantly reduces the number of babies.
The health of the female is fundamental, since for example street or abandoned bitches, although they may have many puppies, some of them are born dead or die within a few hours, since they have not received the necessary nutrients during pregnancy. If the mother is sick or malnourished, the litter is probably smaller.
Another issue to consider is the father. For some veterinarians, the quality of sperm in males influences the number of pups as well as race, size and age.
By last, We must not ignore the process by which the dog was pregnant. If it is natural riding, they probably have larger litters than if it was by artificial insemination.
While it is believed that a smaller litter is better because it requires less work and care, the truth is that when there are few puppies to leave the birth canal they do not generate enough stimulation for the dog to begin the work and the process can take longer than if I gave birth to more babies. A large litter, meanwhile, causes a lot of fatigue in females, who may be able to spend a whole day bringing their little ones into the world.
In the case of males, it is recommended to wait for one year of age, although it is always advisable to let them grow some more time to reach full maturity, in addition, if your Maltese bichon has a pedigree and you want to register your litter, you must have at least nine months old at the time of riding.
With females, more precautions must be taken, since they are the ones that support pregnancy. They usually present their first zeal between six and nine months of age, but usually do not reach full maturity until the year and a half. Therefore, it is recommended that they breed from the third heat, that is, from the year and a half or two years of age.
Maltese bichon reproduction
As with most races, the femalesbichonmaltés usually have the first heat between six and nine months of life, a process that they will repeat every six months. If we want to match our dog, it is important to do it once the first heat has passed, being ideal to wait for the third, because it is when it is considered that it has achieved complete maturation and, therefore, when fertilization is most effective. In the case of males, however, it is advised that they have their first ride when they have reached the year of life.
The females' zeal usually lasts two or three weeks, and the most fertile stage It usually begins nine days after bleeding, that is, in the ovulation phase. At the time of riding, it is important that the male is not much larger than the female, as this can have problems in childbirth if their puppies are very large.
He number of pups This breed usually varies depending on the size of the female and her age because, according to specialists, her fertility increases from the fourth heat. However, it is normal for Maltese bichon females to have at least three puppies, and at most eight.