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How to know if my dog ​​has cataracts and what treatments exist

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Surgical interventions in dogs due to cataracts that are not serious are 95% successful

  • Author: By CAROLINA PINEDO
  • Publication date: April 24, 2012

How to know if our dog suffers waterfalls? If you notice that the lens of the eye has an opaque and whitish appearance and is clumsy when moving around the house or working in the park with other dogs, it is time to do an ophthalmologic check. Cataracts are usually hereditary and are at higher risk for elderly dogs. If the dog does not undergo surgery, they can lead to total loss of vision. Therefore, an early diagnosis and the application of adequate treatment is important. After surgery, dogs should wear a special collar to protect their eyes and a harness, instead of a leash.

Waterfalls and dog breeds

Cataracts have a marked genetic and hereditary component and can affect any breed of dog, although poodles and cockers are more likely to have eye problems. In addition to age and genes, cataracts can also be the result of trauma or shock, of diseases such as diabetes mellitus or other eye conditions.

The only solution to cure cataracts is surgery, because drug-based treatments are not effective.

The only solution to cure cataracts is surgery, because treatments based on medications are not effective. The success rate of cataract surgeries that are not serious is 95%. In any case, it is the veterinarian who must determine the treatment that the dog needs, since each case is different.

If the animal has to go through the operating room, it will be advisable to do so as soon as possible to avoid complications such as eye inflammations and infections. Juan Antonio Aguado, professor at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid and veterinarian of the Montepríncipe clinic, explains: "Canine cataracts have a process and treatment as in the case of people, the lens is removed and implanted a prosthesis, because the healing process requires passage through the operating room. "

Surgeries that require anesthesia always involve some risk to the patient's health, but the percentage of complications in the case of operating the cataracts, such as the possibility of not regaining vision, is 5%.

Recovery after cataract surgery

After surgery, the dog should wear a special collar to protect the eyes for about three weeks and physical exercise should be restricted as much as possible. No games, races or sudden movements.

During convalescence, it is advisable to wear a harness and not a leash. This way, they will be avoided sudden movements, such as pulls that affect the cervical area. On the other hand, the veterinarian will prescribe a few drops for several weeks "to avoid inflammations and infections and facilitate the healing process after the operation," explains Juan Antonio Aguado, veterinarian. If all goes well, vision recovers shortly after surgery.

Origin of the falls

Cataract is an eye condition that is characterized by turning the lens of the eye opaque and whitish. The lens's function is to focus the light on the retina to allow the image received by the brain to be clear.

This ophthalmic condition usually occurs in older dogs (senile cataract), from the age of eight, approximately. This is because the center of the lens loses elasticity with age and is more compact or rigid.

Loss of vision They cause cataracts because they prevent light from reaching the retina. If the cataract is very large, it can cause total blindness in the dog.

After cataract surgery, there is a 5% chance of complications

Although the loss of vision is not total, the quality of life of the animal decreases significantly. Loses security in their movements, so the dog acquires more sedentary lifestyle habits, which is a risk factor for diseases such as obesity. Therefore, it is advisable to take measures as soon as possible to stop the disease.

Canine eye health: detect symptoms on time

Healthy eyes are important for the dog to develop his day to day without difficulties. Therefore, we must pay attention and specific care. Facing symptoms such as excessive tearing and suppuration or photophobia (light intolerance), you must go to the veterinarian to carry out an ophthalmologic review. Any disease can affect vision, as well as external causes (a blow to the eye), so it is advisable to detect symptoms in time.

Periodically clean the animal's eyes with physiological serum and gauze.

Clear the eyes of fur that obstructs the vision and favors the accumulation of dirt in the area.

Ensure that the dog does not introduce the head into areas of bushes or shrubs because objects can be put in the eye, such as spikes or spines.

Ensure that the area where the dog rests is not in contact with toxic products, such as paints, solvents, acids or gases.

Older dogs have a higher risk of cataracts, so it is advisable to periodically check their eyes at the veterinarian.

Do not apply alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, oil, soap, eye drops or ointment, unless it is by medical prescription.

Healthy eating also helps prevent eye problems. We must avoid sweets and offer the dog adequate food for its species, size, age and activity level.

Why does my dog ​​bump into the walls?

Before it becomes noticeable in your colleague's eye, the falls will begin to diminish vision. It will seem to you that it is myopic, that you have forgotten the decoration of your home, that you are more nervous ... Symptoms that it will manifest because it will hit the walls, your furniture and the living room table.

A dog with cataracts can get sad and nervous. They don't understand why they suddenly can't see how before and they may get anxious. The problem with this is that a sad dog's defenses go down, he will stop wanting to play sports and that will also make him eat less. With an impaired nutrition and with low morale, It will be much easier for you to get a disease.

Why do my dog ​​get many tears?

As the days progress, the cataracts will acquire a whitish color to the point that they appear to become solid. It will be then when your dog can not hold back the tears, but not because he is sad, has anxiety or has a bowel problem, but because the eye reacts well to the presence of that foreign body.

At this point, your dog will have gone blind, can not see or cake and will have to be guided by smell. As a PetLover, you should never allow your dog to reach this state because it will change his mood, He will be off and you will be subjected to real torture.

What treatment do cataracts have in dogs?

The first thing you have to do is to determine that, in effect, they are cataracts. You have our online veterinarians to ask your question. We will confirm that you have to go to a trusted specialist in your city to give you a definitive diagnosis.

The only possible treatment to treat them is the surgical operation. Do not even think about applying any home or natural remedy, because you can only harm him. Fortunately, there are several ways to prevent them that we talk about next.

How to prevent cataracts in older dogs

The main method of preventing cataracts is your colleague's eye hygiene. Get used to cleaning your eyes weekly. Doing so is very simple and you don't have to resort to any medicine or product that you recommend in a forum (escape from the forums). All you need is gauze and whey. If you doubt which one is right for him, put an inquiry to our online veterinarians, we will also tell you how to carry out this process.

In general, you just have to moisten the cloth and clean from the inside out. In doing so, you will ensure that any speck of dust is left out and not inside, as is logical. Adopting this routine will allow you to regularly examine your dog, more easily detecting any changes in your eye. When you sit with him to do this, get used to analyzing the state of his skin and also removing dead hair with a brush, This will save you serious dermatological problems.

The review is an important factor when it comes to fighting cataracts. About 75% of cases attended by our veterinarians are due to genetic causes, so the rapid detection and prompt visit to the veterinarian is the best treatment. Another factor that we must also try to avoid is that our friend hits his eye, because an infection can occur that accelerates the presence of cataracts.

In summary, the only treatment for this disease is surgery, but with prevention and cleaning you can prevent its occurrence. Do not hesitate to ask us all your questions to get all the help you need.

Have you been left with doubts? Ask our veterinarians:

Treatment

According to Natalia Vologzhanina veterinarian, specialist in Ophthalmology and Ophthalmic Surgery, the only effective treatment to eliminate this pathology is surgery, since medication-based treatments are not very effective. However, it is the veterinarian who must determine the treatment the pet needs, since each case is different.

Finally, it is important to note that after the operation the dog should wear a special collar to protect the eyes for about three weeks and physical exercise should be restricted as much as possible. No games, races or sudden movements.

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Five ways to recognize if your pet suffers from cataracts and how to treat it

The falls they are one of the most common diseases in dogs which, in general, is related to age and decreased vision.

However, your pet could experience symptoms of this pathology at any stage of his life, due to some inflammatory disease, eye injury or even canine diabetes.

Therefore, according to veterinary specialists of Latin Pet, it is necessary to follow the following recommendations to know if your cocky is suffering from this condition and thus give him medical assistance on time:

1. Genetics: The background of your pet is very important and the first thing that should be ruled out, since cataracts can also appear due to genetic and hereditary components.

2. Race: Some dog breeds are more likely to develop this disease than others. The most common are the Dwarf poodle, Yorkshire Terrier Y Cocker spaniel.
But you also have to take into account the Poodle, Bichon Frize, Schnauzer, Siberian Husky, Fox terrier, Labrador, Golden retriever, Pekingese, Bobtail, Shih Tzu Y Lhasa Apso.

3. Clumsiness when walking: Cataracts cause light not to reach the retina correctly, causing vision loss. If your pet bumps into objects while walking, it can be a direct symptom.

4. Change of tone in the eyes: He eye lens It is responsible for sending and focusing the light to the retina so that the image is clear and, when this disease occurs, it becomes opaque and whitish, which we can notice when our pet receives light in its eyes.

5. Zero tolerance to light: As the state of the cataract progresses, our dog will begin to affect the light to the point of avoiding it completely.

Which is the treatment?

First, if your pet belongs to any of the races mentioned, you must perform eye checks frequently. Especially from 8 years old.

However, each case is different. From the beginning of the first symptoms, it is important to assist the veterinarian, who is the only one who will determine the treatment your pet needs.

On the other hand, according Natalia Vologzhanina, veterinarian specialist inOphthalmologyThe only effective treatment is surgery, since drug-based treatments do not usually eliminate the disease completely.

It is important to note that if your puppy is operated, you should bring a special necklace To protect your eyes for about three weeks and physical exercise should be restricted as much as possible.

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