Care and maintenance of horse hooves

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Horse Helmet Anatomy

The hull support surface exam shows:

  • the Palm
  • the frog
  • the heels
  • the bars
  • the supporting surface of the wall

The regions of the wall are:

  • lights or tweezers
  • fourth parts
  • heels

Maintenance of the horse's hooves

Horse hooves grow continuously and naturally wear out on their own, but they need to be trimmed every five to six weeks in the horses horses. Horses in captivity are usually given horseshoes because they wear their hooves more quickly, due to the hardness of the pavement and the overweight they have, compared to the horses that are free and that travel across the land.

Cleaning the helmet is essential for its maintenance and it is recommended to perform before and after exercising. As material, we will need: sealing grease, helmet cleaner and a brush. Each helmet should be taken care of, both on the wall and on the support surface.

  • Each hand and foot should be lifted removing the dirt accumulated in the palm, frog and lateral grooves of the frog, as well as between the palm and the horseshoe.
  • For this, a helmet cleaner, curved hook with blunt tip is used.
  • We will try to remove dirt by working from the heel to the fire, taking special care not to penetrate the soft areas of the frog.
  • We will take special care of the cleaning of the collateral grooves of the frog, since it is the preferred place for bacteria, stones and any sharp elements.
  • We will check the absence of cuts or cracks, as well as the degree of dryness of the helmet.
  • To finish the cleaning, we will verify that the horseshoe stays perfectly positioned and we will run our fingers through the rivets to verify that they are kept in place.
  • In turn, the hull wall must be brushed to remove foreign substances such as sand and manure.
  • To avoid dehydration of the hull and the formation of scales and quarters, grease should be applied frequently. In the case of horses with dry hooves, the grease is preferable to apply after showering, with the helmet still wet.

Helmet and hardware maintenance.

This part is essential for the good performance of our horse, so a balanced diet is vital, which favors the state of the helmet. On the other hand, proper maintenance of the helmet and good hardware regularly is essential to avoid problems.

It is said that the hardware is a necessary evil, there will be people who tell you that it is very important to have it hurt and there will be other people who share with me the opposite since in my very personal opinion, you do respect and give the maintenance of the helmets to your You can ride and work without horseshoes in the correct times, since the helmet is designed to be a natural shock absorber, the helmet and the frog or frog contract and expand according to the weight of the horse and the conditions of the ground (even in the more aggressive terrain). Horseshoes take away that shock absorber effect and transfer the impact to the animal's joints, likewise it worsens blood circulation causing greater effort on the part of the heart which shortens the life of the horse.

In addition, most of the hardware stores between the horseshoe and the helmet a large bank of bacteria which can enter the horse's organism causing serious damage. That is why in the case of having horses horses it is of the utmost importance to clean them daily to minimize the risk, in addition to having them on clean beds.

Removing the hardware from the horse significantly increases blood circulation and by having more blood flow in the helmet we will have healthier helmets. But it is not as simple as I tell you, it is not just about removing the horseshoes and seeing what happens, you have to give the helmet proper maintenance, let it grow and trim, taking care of the pockets and respecting the frog or frog that will serve as shock absorber, I recommend some lubricant and it does not hurt any vitamin in case your horse requires it.

It is worth mentioning that the shape or cut of the helmet should also be based on the discipline that it exercises in animals. For example, a horse that does high school will need more heels to help its elevation, on the contrary a racehorse needs less heel to optimize times (all based on optimal standards without compromising the animal's health).

NOTE: Consult your veterinarian.

The fact is that if your horse performs some HEAVY work either in soft or hard terrain it must be injured because the wear is faster than growth and often uneven, with the hardware we create a new problem, since now the growth It will be greater than wear.

But if you have the horse in a stable or at rest, most of the time they can be without horseshoes because they usually spend the helmet at the same rate as it grows, it is logical that the topography of the land plays a great role for the helmet, I recommend giving you a maintenance of helmets every 6 weeks approximately to the one at rest and every 3 months approximately to the one at liberty, but a cleaning review of daily preference (otherwise once a week), it will ALWAYS be necessary especially to remove stones or dirt in the lagoons of the frog. Some horses may limp in the first few days, but if you have them at rest nothing happens, the horse will quickly send blood to the helmet and in a few days you will find the balance between firmness and elasticity and will soon let you limp. Most of the time horses in freedom do not need ointments or anything like that, with the maintenance of hooves (trimming, cleaning and pockets) is enough.

On the other hand, the stable horse is in an anti-neutral environment and our duty is to provide the care it requires for its well-being and to avoid future problems.

Most of the time the horse leaves its stable and works on surfaces of sand or earth which are extremely aggressive for the outer layer of the helmet. Later we bathe the animal where the hooves are necessarily wet, which dries them out since it is not the same to wet than to moisturize.

Finally they enter their stable again, where at best they enter a clean sawdust bed. The main objective of the sawdust is to absorb moisture and since the hulls are in contact with the sawdust, they tend to dry out too much. These changes between humidity and dryness are very bad for the hooves and cause brittle, dry hulls or in the worst case without composure, which causes the animal to not have an adequate performance.

Any loss of moisture can be corrected with ointments that cover the hull wall, these cover old nail holes or small cracks where the natural moisture of the case can be lost. The recommendation given by experts is that these types of products be used once a week.

Consult with a specialist the use of these items and study the product components very well since there are also others that can be used daily.

Sometimes they recommend ingested biotin this helps the formation of keratin, which brings great benefits to the health of the helmet, but with a good balanced diet, minerals, plus a good maintenance of helmets and fittings you will have no problem.

Note: There are people who use the burned oil, this is extremely harmful and highly corrosive to the wall and crown of the helmet.

The truth is that if the horse is used to living without hardware and does not loosen while working, they can remain the same, but it is IMPORTANT that you observe the walk of your horse and if you see an abnormal walk, take into account the hardware and in this way it will work better.

The hardware must have a daily cleaning check and maintenance can be periodic (at least every 3 or 6 weeks approximately) so that the growth of the helmet is no different than it would be in freedom. A good cut can help us correct pockets or defects that the horse has or give well-being to the hooves of a horse that are not prepared for certain jobs.

The time for the maintenance of helmets is of vital importance since the growth influences the bone structure of its extremities and therefore of its movements.

Each horse must be treated separately, since the hull growth between one and the other can vary, there will be horses that need a sanding (rasping) without trimming at 3 weeks and there will be others that need them at 6 weeks, for this reason you must take special care separately.

The horseshoe must be of the correct number and according to the need or work performed by the horse and must be perfectly placed to the size of the helmet, that is, do not go out to any side and less inwards because it can hurt the previous opposite of the horse.

NOTE: The horseshoe should be made to the size of the helmet and not vice versa.

It is important that you put on the horse's hooves, some type of lubricant to avoid cracking or cracking. A very soft helmet or a very hard helmet can cause problems.
What to look for in a helmet is firmness with elasticity so that it absorbs the inclemency of the typography.

The most important part of the animal is the limbs, it is important that the hooves are cleaned at least once a day and after exercising with it, as well as keeping a clean and moisture-free bed, this will prevent infections and prevent soft frogs, hard water or some buried object that can complicate the horse's health.

The maintenance for foals is WITHOUT HARDWARE and is of vital importance since this prevents problems of conformation, the time for this type of maintenance in some cases is from the first month of birth but usually at 4 months they can already go shaping and ONLY it is done with the attacker to clean the hull and rasp to sand it, I recommend a lubricant after maintenance, as well as desensitize it from the first day of birth, that is, let the limbs be lifted and hold them for A few seconds, otherwise, it will be very stressful for your foal. When you do, try to do it as quickly as possible, without hurting it and without stress for the foal.

NOTE: I recommend consulting an expert for this type of work, bad hardware or poor maintenance can seriously damage your horse or foal.

Many helmet problems are due to the intervention of inexperienced people who saved you some pesos in their time, but they will make you spend thousands in the future.