How to know if your canary is male or female
This is a matter quite difficult for beginners. Even the most expert sometimes have their doubts and failures when determining the sex of their canaries. There is only one method that is infallible: if a canary lays eggs, it is a female. Everyone else has some margin for error, therefore it is better to know several ways to recognize sex, add evidence and thus be able to realize if a canary is male or female.
In the adult birds morphological differences are seen that are evident to the trained eye, since males are more slender and athletic and have a more upright posture. Females are usually a bit smaller, their bodies are more rounded and so are their heads. In some types of canaries, the sexes can be distinguished by the color of the plumage.
The most propitious time to differentiate males from females is thebreeding season, which begins at the end of winter or beginning of spring, depending on the climate of the region. When you see that the birds in the park or in the garden begin their courtship, that is where the canaries also show differences in behavior according to sex. Males sing their loudest and most melodious songs to attract females. If they share the cage with a female they will try to feed her in the beak and court her. If there is another male, on the contrary, they may be more aggressive. The females begin to prepare the nest at this time looking for any material that serves to form a soft bed. Some may sing too, which can lead to confusion, but usually their singing is not as strong or as beautiful as that of males. Remember that males practically stop singing in the winter and during the molt.
The most specific way to distinguish the sexes in the Canaries is observe the area of the sewer during mating season. This is achieved by blowing the feathers or moistening them a little to see better. Males have a bump called a button just at the exit of the sewer, while fertile females have a very flat abdomen that extends to the sewer. This difference is only observed in this era and not in others.
Breeders have developed other methods to sex the chicks when they are still in the nest. They are many and with varying degrees of effectiveness. Some say you have to tap the nest and see the reaction, the males lower their heads and raise their tails while the females seem not to flinch. Others place the pigeons on a towel or other material where they can hold their legs tightly. When they are left there, males are quicker and explore. Another behavior that is useful to identify males is just before the first molt, when birds make their first attempts to sing. Almost everyone who exhibits this behavior is male, although there are 30% females who will also try because this is a time of hormonal changes.
The color of the plumage
In the case of parakeets, for example, you only have to look at the top of the beak, in the waxy. If it is male it is blue or pink and if it is female it usually has brown or white tones. If it is a canary, it is also possible that the color can tell you if it is a boy or a girl. Normally, the feathers that males have at the birth of wings and tails are usually more vivid if they are of the male gender.
The way to behave
The movements of the males are usually more leisurely and graceful than those of the females, who are usually jumping from one side of the cage to the other. The only time you'll see the most active male is when it's his turn to eat.
If you continue with doubts and want to know if your bird is a boy or a girl, you can always turn to a veterinarian or professional specialized in these tasks so that they can do analytics that will clear your doubts. There are several types: blood extractions, analyzing feces or by means of an analysis of the feathers. In any of the three cases, your little animal will not suffer anything and you will get to know if it is ‘man’ or ‘woman’ and thus name it.
Traditional sexing methods to differentiate between males and females in birds
As we have said before, when it comes to small specimens or pigeons it is more complicated to know which are female and male. When the pigeon is young the best way to know the difference is by the sewer. Although it must be said that even expert breeders can sometimes be confused by separating between males and females.
Therefore the bird sexing, It is the most common and effective way to differentiate between males and females. Here you will see an example of Luís Ortiz's video on how to do it:
The size of the canaries:
Females tend to be a little smaller and more "round", on the other hand males tend to be more slender and erect. There are times that both the female and the male are equally slender. If you have few canaries you can differentiate them by size. (Normally the male is usually larger). The size of the head is another point to differentiate them.
Below we have the complete video of Luís Ortiz: