Fever is usually a symptom associated with an infectious cause, whose main signal is the increase in body temperature.
Regardless of the cause that causes it, fever is always a sign that your cat is suffering from some kind of disease or health problem, so identifying it as soon as possible is essential to detect the focus and start the best treatment as soon as possible.
SIGNS TO DETECT IF A CAT HAS FEVER
As with people, the most accurate way to know if your cat has a fever is to take the temperature. To do this you must introduce a thermometer into your rectum, or go to the veterinarian to be him who does it. If you have an adult cat, its usual temperature is 38º to 39º, and if it is a puppy of 39.5º. Be adult or puppy, if you exceed these parameters, you can confirm that you have a fever.
Other signs that can guide you to know that a cat has a fever are the following:
- Touch his nose. As with dogs, your pet's nose should always be wet. Cats with fever have it dry and hot.
- Observe their behavior, especially if they are restless or distressed for no apparent reason. And, also, if you notice it visibly affected or stay in bed for the most part, with heavy or irritated eyes.
- Look at his breathing and his heartbeat. Another indication that he is feverish is given by the fact that both aspects are more accelerated than normal.
- Stay alert regarding your personal hygiene. Cats are very clean. Neglecting their daily grooming is not their own, and is a clear indication that your cat is not in perfect condition.
HOW TO PROCEED IF YOUR CAT HAS FEVER
If you detect any of these behaviors, proceed as follows:
- It is important that you keep it well hydrated. If your cat does not want to drink, you should provide him with the amount of liquid he needs with the help of a syringe. Insert it gently into your mouth, and empty the contents carefully. You can also give it an isotonic drink without gas.
- To avoid malnutrition, provide a food that meets your nutritional needs and, at the same time, is palatable. Make sure you don't have diarrhea, and opt for a wet diet. Once recovered you can combine it again with your usual dry diet.
- Place it in a quiet room, to be able to be with tiled floor, and slightly moisten the surface of your body. Help yourself with wet packs. Wet them slightly with cold water, place them on your forehead and let them act for a few minutes. Subsequently, remove them, and apply them on their legs and the abdomen area. Repeat the same process about twice a day. You can also place a fan near your cat to circulate the air, although you should never direct it directly towards it.
CAUSES THAT YOUR CAT HAS FEVER
Keep in mind that the causes of your cat having a fever can range from mild issues to more serious illnesses that can even end your cat's life.
It is also true that not all pathologies manifest themselves through this symptom. The most common are:
- Presence of tumors that affect, above all, elderly cats.
- Viral or bacterial diseases, such as panleukopenia or leukemia.
- Viral, bacterial or fungal infections of a milder nature.
- Flu or common cold.
- Side effects due to the intake of any medication.
Of course, if your cat's temperature exceeds 41 ° C, you should go to the vet immediately to examine it, and determine the origin of the temperature rise. He, after doing the relevant exploration and determining the severity, will provide you with the appropriate treatment, and will tell you what you should do before this process.
Fever in cats how to lower it with these simple basic tips.
As we have already mentioned in many cases, having a fever is not the presence of something serious, however, it is better to be safe than sorry, so if we have pets, especially a cat, we must have some knowledge to lower the fever of our pussy, if what we do not work so it is best to have the help from a professional Like the vet Let's start by recognizing the symptoms.
Symptoms of fever in cats.
First of all we must recognize the symptoms of fever in cats, to know how we can act to help our pet. The first thing you should know is that the normal temperature range in cats is 38 to 39.4 ° C, if it is difficult for you to take your cat's temperature, then you can deduce whether or not he has a fever using the following symptoms.
- Lack of appetite.
- Inactiv> In most cases, the fever is usually caused by some underlying disease, so you should be alert to the appearance of symptoms and others such as sneezing, diarrhea, cough, inflammation in the skin, since these are synonyms that there is a disease in your pet.
take your temperature
Learn to take your cat's temperature.
Although it has the presence of symptoms, it is important to take the temperature in the same way, since this is the effective way of not only knowing that he has a fever but of knowing the degrees of it.
You can do it rectally or by the ears, for this you must have at hand the necessary implements, to make it less annoying to take the temperature in your pet. For this you need a thermometer, lubricant such as petroleum jelly, alcohol, paper towels and a treat for cats.
Use the thermometer you have on hand, in the case that it is a conventional glass, it is important that you shake it very much until the mercury is below the 35 ° C line, and if it is a digital one you just have to turn it on and use it, you can also find special thermometers for pets, which you can use on your ear.
If you will measure the cat temperature For the rectum it is important that you lubricate this with the help of a little petroleum jelly, seek the help of someone else since you will have to hold your cat under your arm, while raising its tail, for this you require the help of another person in that way It will be faster to act.
Now insert the thermometer into the anus of the cat about 2 cm and leave it there for about 2 minutes, if it is a digital one you only have to remove it when you issue the alarm, when you take it out you must clean the thermometer With alcohol and a paper towel.
When the process is finished, give your pussy a treat in order to reward him for the process and for having done it well. If when taking the temperature you notice that your cat's fever is greater than 39 ° C, it is time to take it to the veterinarian, since a high fever can cause damage to the animal's organs.
Examine your cat.
To know what your cat can hide, you must start by gently pressing his body, with the help of your fingers and rub it gently, that way you will know if he has any skin lesion or a fracture, swollen glands, abscesses, infections or a skin wound, which can be a factor for the presence of fever.
In many cases, the touch fractures are not felt, since many are internal and can only have symptoms such as bruising or inflammation in the affected area, so if you apply pressure in the area your cat can respond to pain.
You must be able to feel the lymph nodes of your pet, under your cat's jaw area and close to his shoulders. You can also feel the presence of inflammation in the back of the legs or near your groin.
If you notice the presence of some of these symptomIt is very important that you take your cat to the veterinarian since this type of medical condition requires immediate attention, fever is the presence of the normal immune response to this type of situation.
help your pussy
1.- Help your cat to cool.
Cats lose heat through their sweat glands which are located in their paws and in their panting. So in the case of fever in cats how to lower it can be through cooling your pet, this in order to lower your body temperature.
Start by looking for a dark room and fresh, preferably on a tile floor so that it can be cast and transfer your body heat. In the same way you can use the following methods to cool your pussy.
You can start by placing the fan on the floor so that it sends fresh air into the animal.
Place ice packs on the cat's legs and body.
You can carefully wet your cat's fur, use a damp cloth or a spray to wet her hair, evaporation is a great help to lower body temperature.
2.- Provide a lot of water.
Fever may arise through the dehydration and it can also be its cause. So it is very important to have your pet fresh water at all times, if he has trouble doing so, help him with a syringe.
When a cat has a fever He does not feel like getting up so you should make sure you have water near him, in the same way you can give him energy drinks or electrolyte solutions for children.
If you notice that it presents problems to hydrate, you can try to put cubes of thread or energy drink, this may motivate you to hydrate and it will improve quickly.
Since the fever consumes a large amount of energy in the animal, which ends by weaken your pet. So complement your weakness by offering soft foods or canned tuna.
If your cat is rejecting soft or moist foods, use a syringe to feed it with a milk substitute, this type of food is designed to feed sick kittens and cats. If your cat can't eat solid food, check with your veterinarian so you can prescribe high-calorie liquid supplements, which your cat can consume until he can eat normally, as he did before.
help him eat
4.- Vitamin supplements.
During the febrile process it is important that you supply the nutritional content in your pet, for example the Vitamin B and energy supplements are ideal to combat fatigue and lack of nutrients.
Something you should consider in this step is not to give him food or supplements that contain the following ingredients.
- Garlic or onion.
- Vitamin C and D.
5.- Use the medication.
If your pet's infection is due to a bacterial infection It is important that the underlying disease is treated, that is, the one that causes it. Although antibiotics may be recommended for cats in this type of situation, however, it is important that you consult the veterinarian about the dose and how many times the medication will be given.
In many cases the antibiotics They are specific for a certain strain of bacteria and would not work for another, which is why the opinion of the veterinarian is of the utmost importance, in order to provide adequate treatment.
Remember that pets are part of our family, we must take care of them and love them, respect them and above all have them under a lot of responsibility, since they depend on us for many things, responsible ownership is extremely important. Adopt don't buy!
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Let's get rid of a myth
Many people think they can know if a cat is feverish if it has a dry nose. This is absolutely false. The cat's nose dries or heats for many reasons and not all of them are related to his health. If the cat was a good time in the sun, it is most likely that he has a hot nose, this does not mean that he has a fever, so do not be alarmed and observe in detail, especially what has to do with his behavior.
His nose is cause for alarm if you observe:
- Sores or cracks, which can be caused by skin problems.
- Thick mucus and some color (white, green, pink).
- If the dry nose is sick it can mean dehydration.
- If it changes color, for example to a lighter shade or even white.
In these cases you should take it to the veterinarian because it is indicating that there is a delicate problem that requires treatment.
Causes of fever in cats
Fever it’s an increase in temperature as an immune system response, to attack something that is putting the animal's health at risk. Unfortunately a very high fever can cause damage to organs, especially the brain, which is why it must be attended and monitored. Normally the fever in cats is presented by:
- Injuries or injuries
- Severe chronic diseases (heart, pancreas, etc)
- Viral, bacterial or fungal infections
- Allergies to medications or food.
Symptomatology and temperature taking
As in people, fever occurs in cats. certain types of behaviors that can help us identify who is sick. Many times we identify these symptoms as a kind of discouragement, but in reality it is a mechanism that it allows the animal to accumulate enough energy, to be able to increase its body temperature and fight against diseases. You may notice symptoms such as:
- Accelerated breathing
- Lack of appetite
- Little toilet
- Shaking chills
- Little physical activity
- Decrease in the habit of drinking water
You may develop related symptoms but that are not directly caused by fever, such as vomiting and diarrhea, in some cases (such as when the cat has bronchitis) sneezing will appear.
But nevertheless the only way to know for sure if your cat has a fever is through a rectal thermometer. These thermometers are easily available in pharmacies or in pet stores. The digital ones are usually recommended, because they are more precise, do not contain toxic substances and do not break if they fall.
Note that To avoid hurting your cat, you should use some petroleum jelly as a lubricant, in addition to using some alcohol to disinfect the thermometer before and after using it. You must do this procedure with great care, introducing the thermometer about three centimeters into the cat's rectum, if you are not delicate it can be a traumatic experience for your pet. What is suggested is to turn the thermometer from side to side while slowly introducing it, this will relax the muscles of the anus and will not cause pain. The normal temperature of a cat ranges between 38 ° and 39.2 °, therefore any temperature above this range is called fever.
Treatment of a cat with fever
Basically the only thing you can do when your cat has a fever is to monitor that it does not continue to rise. Take the temperature every 2 or 3 hours and watch your symptom picture develop. If alarm symptoms appear, such as breathing difficulties, change in the color of the iris or tongue, if the fever does not decrease within 24 hours or rises to 41 ° or more, you should immediately go to the veterinarian. The veterinarian will establish what is causing the fever, and will give you the appropriate treatment.
Two common mistakes pet owners make are give them medicines for humans, which happen to be mostly highly toxic to cats, or hydrate them by giving them water with syringes The latter is not recommended because by forcing them to drink fluid, it can end up in their airways or lungs, aggravating the situation.