Feline miliary dermatitis - Symptoms and treatment


Feline skin may also look sick. We do not usually think about it, because these animals spend a lot of time cleaning themselves, and therefore always keeping clean, but the truth is that when the first symptoms of dermatitis, is when we realize how important it is to make sure that we are giving our friend everything he really needs.

One of the most common skin diseases is miliary dermatitis, although it is much better known by the name of eczema. But what causes and what symptoms does dermatitis have in cats? And the most important, How is it treated

What are the symptoms?

When a cat has dermatitis, one of the most common symptoms is scab rashes in the neck, in the head and in the back. We might think that this has to produce a lot of itching, but the reality is that it depends: there are hairy ones that will feel very annoyed and scratch often, but there are others who on the contrary will continue to live normal lives.

Diagnosis and treatment

If we suspect that our friend has dermatitis, it is convenient take him to the vet to examine it and put the most appropriate treatment depending on the cause. Generally, you should keep in mind that if the eczema is in the head or near, it is a flea bite dermatitis, which is treated by administering the animal an antiparasitic and keeping the house clean, if they are more present in the tail, then it has mites and an antiparasitic must be put in place to eliminate them, and if they are not in any of the previous areas, then more research should be done since it could be food intolerance or contact dermatitis .

As a precaution, it is important have the cleaning products always well kept, far from the cat's reach. You must also be given a quality feed, if possible without cereals because it can cause allergies.

Dermatitis in cats is a problem that should be examined by a professional. Only in this way will he be able to have the skin as healthy as he had it before.

What exactly is feline miliary dermatitis?

Miliary dermatitis is a sign common in many pathologies. To be able to compare it, it is equivalent to saying that a person has "cough". The origin of the cough can be multiple and may even have nothing to do with the respiratory system, the same happens with feline miliary dermatitis.

The terms "Miliary dermatitis"refer to the appearance on the cat's skin of a variable number of pustules and scabs. That is to say, it is a rash, frequent especially in the head, neck and back, but it is also quite frequent in the abdomen and we can observe it when shaving said area.

Usually, many appear and are small, which is why the word "is used"miliary"Although we have not noticed (because the cat can live outside) is almost always accompanied by pruritus (itching), which in fact, is directly responsible for the eruption.

The most common causes of miliary dermatitis:

  • Parasites (ear mites, notohedral mange mites, lice.)
  • Flea bite allergic dermatitis (DAPP)
  • Atopic dermatitis (can be defined as a generalized allergy, from dust mite to pollen, through various materials)
  • Food allergies (allergy to any component of feed)

Flea bite allergy as a cause

One of the most frequent allergies, which gives rise to miliary dermatitis, is flea bite allergy. These parasites inject an anticoagulant in order to suck the cat's blood, and a considerable number of felines are allergic to him.

Even after eliminating all the fleas, this allergen continues to be present in the cat's body for days, causing itching even if those responsible have been eliminated (in fact a single flea, it already serves to trigger the process if the cat is allergic, but more fleas , the miliary dermatitis is more severe almost always.

The treatment of flea bite allergy as a cause of miliary dermatitis is quite simple: we must exterminate fleas. There are effective pipettes that repel the insect before it can feed.

Atopic dermatitis as a cause

It is complex to define atopy. We will refer to it as the process in which the cat is allergic to various things and this generates the inevitable itching, which is associated with the appearance of these scabs and pustules that we call miliary dermatitis.

Treating it is almost more complex than diagnosing or defining it, being necessary to resort to therapy with corticosteroids and other adjuvant treatments that lend a hand, even if they do not do much by themselves, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Food allergies as a cause

It is seen more and more frequently, but perhaps it is due to the fact that we increasingly care more about our cats and attend to things that were not repaired before.

Many times there is no trace of fleas, no parasites, but our cat scratches continuously, causing miliary dermatitis, which, as in the previous cases, can become contaminated and lead to a more or less serious infection.

It is not a rule, but itching usually appears in the anterior part (head and neck) and over time, it usually becomes general. It is frustrating, as corticosteroid therapy is often tested but does not give the expected result. It may scratch less a few days, but there is no clear improvement. Until the previous diet that the cat has taken is completely eliminated, and it is tried to keep it 4-5 weeks with a I think hypoallergenic and water, exclusively.

At the second week we will notice that miliary dermatitis is remitting, the itching is milder, and by the fourth, it has practically disappeared. Reintroducing the previous diet to verify that in two days the cat scratches itself again, is the definitive way to diagnose it, but almost no veterinarian considers it necessary.

Many other causes of miliary dermatitis in cats (pyoderma, that is, superficial skin infections, autoimmune diseases of difficult names, other external parasites outside those mentioned, etc.) remain in the inkwell, but the intention of this article by Animal Expert is to highlight that miliary dermatitis is simply a common symptom to innumerable causes, and that until the cause is eliminated, the dermatitis will not disappear.

This article is purely informative, at we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Feline miliary dermatitis - Symptoms and treatment, we recommend you go to our Other health problems section.