How to install a garden pond?


Having a pond in your garden would bring much more life to it, in this area the water would be the protagonist, giving you the possibility of including plants and living things, decorating it in the way you like, this would be a garden project that many They would like to start.

But really having a pond in your garden has a cost, because not only is it enough to have a hole that at the end of the day would only bring problems and disasters, adding to this that would not be aesthetically correct.

For this reason, we decided to make this article, so that those who are thinking of having a pond in their garden, do it the right way. So if this is what you have in mind, keep reading, this is for you.

Types of garden pond according to its content

Believe it or not, there are different types of pond for your garden, here we will present all the options, so you can discover which of them is the best option for you and your garden.

You must also take into account, what is the main function you want to give your pond, this will depend on the type of pond you will choose.

One of the options you have to choose from is the pond without fish, this option is directed

The small pond requires less water, and if we put fish in it it would cause an increase in maintenance. To this is added the care that must be taken with the fish, because in smaller ponds the care that must be taken is much greater.

If you decide not to have fish, you can go for the option of placing plants in it, this is recommended when you want to give the pond a more natural look, because there are a lot of plants that you can add.

But if you want something more architectural, you can also decorate it with some other things, in this case it is recommended to give it a more geometric shape.

Although many people prefer not to have animal life in their garden ponds, we cannot deny that there are many others that do. For this, one should only be careful of including too many weights, as this can alter the aquatic balance, causing it to be lost.

For this there are some regulatory measures, so that you will not make any mistakes. What is always recommended is to have a kilo of fish for every 40 liters of water.

You can include several types of weights, but the most used are the Koi, because the most natural thing is that when they grow they only weigh between 5 to 7 kilos.

But you can also use smaller fish to give more visibility to the guide and of course more space for them. But if you want to have koi fish, you should consider having a large pond.

Having weights in a pond requires much more care, so you should include a filter, it is recommended that it be with ultraviolet light to see them when the water is green.

For those who dream of having much more v />

Turtles usually store dirt in their shells, they also defecate into the water, which causes pond cleaning to be done more often. Turtles may also eat the fish that live there.

On the other hand the ducks when entering and leaving water also store dirty in their legs and to this we add the amount of feathers and feces left in the water, which brings many problems with a difficult solution.

Similarly, if you want to have these animals in your ponds, you must ensure that your filtration system and cleaning method is quite effective.

Other types of pond: Know them!

Another type of pond is the functional pond. If you can have a naturalized pond in which you should not install a filtering system, you are quite lucky.

These ponds have a constant water flow and to help this you should opt for slightly larger ponds. These ponds are undoubtedly the favorite of many.

Then there are the waterfall ponds, which are undoubtedly the best and most beautiful in sight. We can choose two types of waterfall:

The first is a waterfall that falls directly into the pond, and the other is a fall that goes in levels, giving the appearance of a small stream.

For both there are different materials to create the effect we want. But what we are sure of, whatever you decide to install, will give your garden a much fresher look and look.

Equipment for a garden pond

As we know, the ponds are small natural habitats, and in it we will put both animal life and plants, which requires help, and this help will be provided by the appropriate equipment, which will make the pond work properly.

Well, what we are looking for is not only an aesthetic result, but healthy, not only for us, but for the animals and plants that will live there.

Some of the equipment that is recommended to acquire are:

  • Filter
  • Mud Vacuum
  • Bomb
  • Aerators
  • Lights (this is completely optional)

For this there is a great cant

As you could see there are many types of pond that you can install in your garden, all are quite cheap, but it all depends on how you want to decorate it and how much animal life you want to put in it.

If you liked these tips and this information helped you, for the construction of a new pond in your garden, let us know. Share this with more people, so they can also start with a new project in their home and thus give a total turn to the design of their garden, which we are sure everyone will love.

Prepare the installation of the garden pond.

Before moving on to the actual installation of the garden pond, you must first choose your location. Ideally, place the pond near the house and in an accessible place in the garden. The space must be large enough to accommodate the pond and must not be hindered by the roots of the surrounding plants. It is also necessary to predict the fall of the leaves in autumn, so that they do not cover the water of the basin. You will also benefit from a minimum of sun to balance your ecosystem.

Hard ponds can be made with terraces, with a rubber or PVC tarp, but for a simple installation, it is best to focus on preformed deposits.

The installation of the garden pond.

First, it is necessary to clean the space where the pool is planned to be installed. Then, begin by delineating the shape of the pond at the chosen site, using a paint sprayer. If the grouping has several levels, each level must be delimited. In the absence of a paint spray, we can use sand or white Meudon. To locate each level, place wooden slats of different height around each delineation. It is advisable to use a level and a mason rule to have good measures and get a good result. Be careful to place a chalk between each stake. We begin by digging the surface level and we end with the center of the basin, which will be the deepest level. Tamp the soil well before placing the pond. Check with a bubble level that the pool is well located. If this is still not the case, adjust your position with sand. You must ensure that the group is stable because, once installed, it cannot return.

Once in place, fill the edge holes with soil: feel free to water it to make sure it is well compacted. It is finally the time when you can fill the water basin. During this time, you can add chips around the basin, for an aesthetic issue, but also to prevent the soil from sliding into the basin.

The landscaping of the garden pond.

Once the pool is installed and filled with water, you should place the water pump in its center, slightly elevated to prevent it from getting dirty if your pool is in the middle. The filter will be placed in the bank, not far from the power supply. The filtration system is not mandatory, the plants can act as a filter if the dimensions of the basin are not too large.

In case you plan to put fish in your pond, consider installing a small stream of water that will oxygenate the water. Some plants may play the role of oxygenation such as water hyacinth or lettuce. But the water lilies will also be very beautiful.

Plants are very important to prevent water from getting hot or even evaporating. For the final touch, we can add several accessories to decorate the pool. To enjoy your pool even at night, plan to install special lighting for the pool.

If you later want to create a natural pond that is a true ecosystem with a mini-lagoon treatment plant, you will have to rethink and rethink: develop areas for amphibious plants, others for Fish, and another that serves as a natural biological filter with "macrophyte" plants ". But it is another project!

What to consider to install a pond with Koi fish?

• First of all, a very simple rule should be taken into account to install fish in ponds, a fish about 10 centimeters long needs at least 50 liters of water.

• Shallow ponds are not preferred for fish because in summer, especially the temperature rises and there is little oxygen. At least a depth of the pond of 60 to 80 cm is required. or if possible more.

• Remember that Koi fish do not resist temperatures that are below 15ºC. When it drops to 10ºC it is not recommended to feed them daily, only those found on the surface are given every three days.

• When choosing Koi fish for a pond, observe well if they have signs of disease or if they have malformations.

• Regarding food they should be fed with specific fish food sold in specialized stores. They also consume products from the pond such as algae, insects, mosquito larvae, dragonflies, wasps, crickets, bees, water snails, etc. It can be supplemented with flake food.

They should be fed three times a day in small quantities, do not overfeed them even if they are on the surface opening the mouth.

• Do not overpopulate the pond. The Koi must swim freely being essential for them to develop their muscles. For example, 5 Kois need a 5,000 liter pond.

• The filters must be cleaned periodically.

• When new fish are entered, they should be quarantined. When the fish is finally introduced to the pond, 1 drop of methylene blue should be placed in every 25 liters of water in the pond to eliminate fungi and bacteria from the new fish.

• Pay attention if they eat the plants because if they eat all of them, in that case they may lack plant components to their diet. They eat some plants, especially Elodea or Vallisneria is quite common.

• Remember that Koi fish need tranquility because they are easily stressed either by taking it out of the pond to observe it, by poor feeding, by transporting it, by touching the Koi. It is very important to keep it in mind.

Where to install a pond for Koi?

It is very important to choose the right place to install a pond. The installation must be planned taking into account:

• That is not near trees whose leaves fall off. Fallen leaves on the pond spoil water quality.

• That it has an east orientation, since in summer it will be less hot. In warm countries the best orientation is to the north and in cold countries to the south.

Shape of a pond for Kois:

Of course, for the shape of a pond for Kois, personal taste influences a lot. What is generally sought is to give it the appearance of a natural pond. The important thing is to find that they do not clash in the garden where they are. Usually in the design of this type of ponds, corners are avoided.

The inside of the pond should be smooth and with rounded corners. Obstacles and bumps should be avoided so that they do not get hurt.

With respect to the level that the pond should be placed, when it is at ground level it is more natural but it gets dirtier, while if it has raised edges the water stays cleaner.

In addition the water level of ponds for Kois should be 30 centimeters from the edge as these fish jump. They do it for several reasons, one of them is the poor quality of the water, also for a low oxygen content, or for stress, for parasitic, etc.

Where to place the pond

The first thing we have to plan is the location that our pond will have. You have to have as preference those places that are more open and don't put them under deciduous trees, since its leaves will fall into the pond and it will be getting dirty continuously.

Once you have the idea of ​​the place where you are going to place it, make yourself a drawing where you organize the shape and size you want it to occupy, in order to know how much the pond will occupy throughout the garden. In the sketch you make of your pond you should consider the area it will occupy and the depth it will have.

If in your pond, apart from the aquatic plants, you want to have fish, you should consider that it has a large ample space so that they can live well. As for the depth of the pond, This should be between 3 and 4 depths. This is done because at each depth level the water has a different temperature. In this way, depending on the season of the year in which we are, the fish will have more facility to adapt and regulate their body temperature.

Imagine that frosts begin in winter and that, the deeper the water in the pond, the less likely it is to freeze and the fish can be protected from the cold at the bottom.

Start digging

Once you have done the design of the shape, depth and morphology of your pond, start digging while respecting the different depths of your sketch. When finished digging we will add a 50 cm wide perimeter ditch and at least 4 cm deep.

Place the materials

Once we have dug our pond with different heights, we will place a material that will be waterproof and waterproof. This material consists of a coating with a special PVC liner For the ponds.

To place this waterproofing material, we must first coat the pond with a thin layer of sand and carefully place the material on top and covering each part, including the trench.

Once we have placed this material, we will nail it on the ground and place stones to hold it well and that it correctly delimits the entire perimeter.

Another option, although less original, is that of buy a prefabricated base for a pond. They are usually made of PVC. Although the construction of the pond is much easier, we do not have the same freedom of design, since they are already designed and we cannot modify it.

A third option is that of use concrete but waterproof it with sika so you don't have problems with water. First we will sand with the concrete, after it dries we will place what is the sika as a layer of paint with a thick brush to waterproof.

Pump and filter

Although it is a pond, we must prevent the water from pooling and getting dirty, otherwise it could not harbor life. For this, we must take into account that water must meet certain characteristics and quality parameters.

A pump and a filter will help us to maintain a constant water flow and clean it. The pump will be placed at the bottom of the pond and connect it to the filter, we must look at the brand of the pump because as in everything, there are always better. The filter on the other hand will be placed outside the pond but close to it for maintenance, especially to drop the clean water into the pond. The necessary electrical installation and the sanitary installation will be carried out, which really is not complicated.


Our pond is totally free to be modified at our whim and decorate it in the way we like best. The edges of the garden ponds should be covered by stones of type ball or river stones. In this way it will serve as a division between the pond and the rest of the garden.

Inside the pond we will place the aquatic plants at different depths according to their characteristics. There are species of deeper and more superficial aquatic plants. Before placing them, we must inform ourselves well.

The same goes for fish. There are numerous species of fish that they don't get along with each other, since they are more territorial or the males fight among themselves, etc. Therefore, we must know well the species of fish that we are going to introduce into our pond, since, after all, they will have to live together.

Among the species of deep garden pond plants that we can select and that some of them will stand out on the surface we have: Nimphaea alba blanca, Gladstoniana Nimphaea, Nimphaea odorata alba blanca, Chromatella Nimphaea, Gladstoniana Nimphaea yellow, Nimphaea atraction red and Nimphaea stellata red.

We can also place other types of shallow aquatic plants such as: Palustris caltha, Slternifolius Cyperus, Papyrus Cyperus, Equisetum arvense, Glyceria variegata, Pseudoachorus Iris, Juncus inflexus, Juncus maritimus, Pontederia lanceolata, Lacustris Schoenoplectus.

There are other types of plants that can be added such as floating plants and oxygenators that will be essential for the design of our pond. Among them are some such as water hyacinth, water lettuce, water fern, etc.

Once we have decided what fish and what plants we are going to put in our pond, we will fill it with water. We will give a few days of testing to see if the water flows properly and does not stagnate. In addition, we will have to watch the pH levels of the pond so they can live well in it.

With these steps you can have your pond in your style and give a more natural touch to your garden. You just have to keep it and clean it when necessary and you can enjoy your pond always in good condition.

Do you like garden ponds? Tell us how yours is.