The walks in the company of your dog are a moment very nice for both. They help the dog manage stress and be calm, keep it healthy and they are very important in their training. In addition, a very strong bond is created between the two.
Though through the city the law states that dogs must go on a leash, you will often go out for places where you would like to release him, so that he can exercise more, in addition to training him to walk by your side without running away. All this it is achieved with a good canine training.
What I find here?
The basic orders that your dog must know before walking without a leash
Before releasing your dog, you must have taught him some basic orders, between them:
- Sit down
- Stand up
- Come to your call
If your dog still does not have these orders well assimilated, do not let him go, since he could run or escape and if he does not come to your call, maybe you find it hard to get it back.
Before walking your dog without a leash, you should get used to doing it with her
He use of the strap on the first rides It is essential for your dog to get used to walk by your side, without jerking and without escaping. By using the leash, you will teach him to not paying attention to the different stimuli that you will find yourself on the road, as well as to obey your orders and walk at your height, stopping, sitting and walking when you order it. Do not let go until you walk without pulling the belt.
The first times you let go, do it somewhere safe and quiet, like a park with little hustle and no distractions. At the beginning, take it with a training belt, that you can lengthen so that your dog notices that tension is loosened and learn to control the situation. Let him walk away and force him to return to your side Until I do it naturally. Later, you can release the strap.
When he gets away from you, let him do it without losing sight of it and then call it. When I obey you, offer it a positive reinforcement, like a treat. At first, give it always. After a month, go reducing the times you give it, until the dog returns to the order without expecting anything in return.
Little by little, you can expand the space and take it to places with more people and other dogs. Do not remove the leash unless you are in a safe space.
My dog escapes when I let him go, what can I do?
If your dog escapes when you let him go, you have not trained him well. It is essential to practice the basic orders first to make sure you can walk with your dog without a leash and without danger. There is article, videos and books that can teach you the basics of dog training.
Your dog must automatically obey orders such as sitting, standing still or coming to your call before you risk wearing it loose. Remember what it is more difficult that a dog obey the orders abroad, where he finds himself with infinite stimuli, than at home. Therefore, after achieving the assimilation of training at home, you must practice outside with a long leash, in a quiet place, and with treats for reward your dog When I do well.
The first few times you release it, do it in a fenced and safe environment, where you can control it, and practice the orders without the leash, congratulating him when he obeys your orders. He practices a lot of "still" and "come."
If he still escapes, don't run after him, it will be considered a game and will run even more. Stay still and call him in a loud voice, without shouting. Use the orders "still" and come, " Do not call him twenty times by name, because he will end up ignoring. If he stops and doesn't come back, turn around and make him leave, without losing sight of him. Generally, it will follow. Don't quarrel or hit him when he comes back to you, since he will interpret the return to your side as something he has done wrong. Put the strap back on and try again in a fenced place. If you have trouble redirecting your behavior, go to a dog trainer.
The law and dogs without leash
Each municipality has its own standards, so you must go to your town hall to know which ones are the ones that concern you. Usually, if you walk with your dog in the city, you must take it on a leash. This is important both for the safety of your dog and that of others (imagine that your dog crosses the road at a time of heavy traffic). In addition, fines are usually high.
There are more and more parks, green areas or delimited spaces to walk with your dog without leashes or danger. If we go further, on this website we have the best collection of beaches that allow dogs in Spain although if you are looking for beaches that allow dogs internationally You have other alternatives.
For rural areas, quiet or little traffic, you can usually take your dog loose, unless it is potentially dangerous breed, in which case you are required to take it with strap and muzzle and also you are obliged to take out civil liability insurance because it is a potentially dangerous dog. Make sure he obeys any order you give him. You may have to call him in the presence of cattle, other dogs, someone who is afraid of him ... Even so, find out about the regulations of the place.
If your dog is used to walking by your side without a leash, do it whenever you can and keep training so you do not lose the habit of responding to your call. Get used to keep up. If you go ahead, stop and tell him to stop. You should get used to going to your foot, slightly behind. Reward him when he does, so he feels happy to go to your side.
Knowledge of the basic orders
So your dog can walk by your side without a leash and stay obedient you must first know the basic orders, it must not be in a period of canine training but must have already integrated this knowledge.
Among the orders that your dog should know are the following:
Between these orders the most important to walk your dog without a leash is that this come to you When you call him by his name, if not, you run the risk of your pet escaping and it is very complex to find it.
Does your dog usually walk on a leash?
To teach your dog to walk without a leash It is important that you are used to taking walks with the leash. The reason is very simple, the exterior at the beginning is very excitable for the dog, which can be nervous and even manifest insecurity through its behavior.
When this reaction occurs with the belt, we have a control medium, but if at first we confront a dog to the outside environment without the help of a leash, we run the risk of losing control, and this can be serious.
Go to a safe and quiet park
The first times you leave your dog loose you should not do it in any environment but you must go to a safe park, away from traffic and with the least possible distractions so that the dog remains in a state of calm and has both your presence and your orders pending.
Wear it with the strap and let it go, but with the strap on. If your pet has become accustomed to walking on a leash, the fact continuing to feel its weight and texture will facilitate obedience and adaptation to this new way of walking.
Stop exercising control over the belt for short periods, for example, 10 minutes, later, for the same period of time, leave it loose but without the strap attached to the collar.
The call and reward, basic tool
A dog need the supervision of its owner, in this sense, and even more at the beginning of learning, it is essential that you keep paying attention to your pet.
When in the right environment you completely take your dog off the leash, let him distance himself from you without losing sight of him, then call him to come back to you, when he does, you must use the positive reinforcement to solidify the learning.
Every time your dog comes to you when you call him, offer him a treat adequate. This reward system must be maintained for a long time, at least for a period of 1 month and subsequently and progressively this habit must become sporadic.
Play hide and seek
When your dog comes to you by calling him on a daily basis, it's time to hide and call him to be able to look for you and come back to you although there is no eye contact.
This will be very useful as the space of the walk is wider and the route more dynamic, since it will allow your dog to walk by your side and follow you without continually having to be calling your attention.
As we mentioned earlier, it's important that you keep your dog supervised, without losing sight of him, hide behind a tree and call him, when he comes back to you, offer him a treat for dogs.
Expand the space
Progressively and as your dog integrates this new way of walking, you can take it to larger parks, with more people and with more dogs, as long as their socialization is adequate.
Obviously we recommend that you remove the leash in safe environments, those streets with traffic or near dangerous areas due to the circulation of vehicles should be avoided if you want your dog to walk without any support.
If you want to read more articles similar to Teach my dog to walk without a leash step by stepWe recommend that you enter our Advanced Education section.