HOW TO KNOW WHAT RACE IS MY DOG (and whether it is pure or not)


They are very cheerful and intelligent so they are very quick to learn. They are closely linked to the owner and his family and have no problems with children, or with other dogs and animals. They announce the visits barking. They are very hierarchical dogs and tend to get along well with other dogs except in rare cases such as with the terrier, which are not very hierarchical.
Very attached to the owner and of great intelligence, perfect for agility and for work tests.
The variety of coatings poodle and its enormous capacity to adopt special forms gives this breed an even greater beauty.

Etymologically, the French word "poodle" comes from "cane", the female of the duck. In other countries, this word refers to the splashing action. In its origins, this dog was used for hunting waterfowl. Descend from Barbet, which retains many features. In 1743 it was said "the poodle": female Barbet. Then, the Barbet and the Poodle were going to separate progressively. The breeders strove to obtain original and uniform color specimens. The poodle became popular as a companion dog thanks to its friendly, cheerful and faithful character, but also thanks to its four sizes and its different colors, which each can choose according to their preference.

Medium-sized dog, with characteristically curly, curly or tufted hair. It has the appearance of an intelligent animal, constantly alert, active, harmoniously constituted, and that reflects elegance and nobility.


• The length of the snout is approximately 9/10 of the length of the skull.
• The length (scapulo-hamstring) of the body is slightly greater than the height at the cross.
• The height of the cross to the ground is visibly equal to the height of the crest of the rump to the ground.
• The height of the elbow to the ground is equivalent to 5/9 of the height at the cross.

This animal is distinguished by its fidelity and its ability to learn and to be trained, which makes it a particularly pleasant companion dog.

Of distinguished, rectilinear bearing, in proportion to the body. It must be well molded, without presenting a solid appearance, but at the same time without excessive delicacy.


Skull: Its amplitude is less than half the length of the head. The entire skull, seen from above, has an oval shape, and in profile, is slightly convex. The axes of the skull and nasal canal are slightly divergent.
The superciliary arches are moderately prominent and are covered with long hairs.
Frontal groove: Width between the eyes and decreases in the direction of the occiput, which is well marked (in dwarf Poodles it may be less marked).
Naso-frontal depression: It is poorly marked.

Truffle: Marked and developed, with a vertical profile, the windows are wide open. The truffle is black in black, white and gray dogs, and brown in brown dogs. In the dogs orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn the truffle is brown or black.
Snout: The upper profile is well rectilinear, its length corresponds to 9/10 of the length of the skull. The ramifications of the lower jaw are almost parallel. The snout is solid. The lower profile is marked by the jaw and not by the edge of the upper lip.
Lips: Slightly developed, rather thin, of medium thickness, the upper lip rests on the lower one, although it is not hanging. They are black in black dogs, white and gray, and brown in brown dogs. In the dogs orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn, they are more or less dark brown or black. The corner must not be marked.
Jaws / teeth: The joint is scissor shaped. The teeth are solid.
They are not very protruding and are molded on the bones. The sub-orbital arches are chiseled and slightly bulky. Zygomatic arches are not very prominent.
Eyes: They are of fiery expression. They are located at the height of the naso-frontal depression and are slightly oblique. They have an almond shape. Its color is black or dark brown. In brown dogs they can be dark amber.
Eyelids: The border is black in black, white or gray dogs, brown in brown dogs. In dogs orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn, they are brown or black.
Ears: They are quite long and fall along the cheeks. They are implanted in the extension of a line that arises from the top of the truffle and passes under the external angle of the eye. They are flat, enlarge behind the implant and are rounded at the limb.
They are covered with very long wavy hairs. The skin of the ear should reach the corner of the lips.

It is solid and slightly arched behind the neck. Medium length, well proportioned. The dog has a high head and nobility. The neck without dewlap. It is oval cut, its length is slightly shorter than that of the head.

Well proportioned. Its length is slightly greater than the height at the cross.
Cross: Moderately developed
Back: Short. The upper margin is harmonious and very firm. The height from the ground to the cross must be clearly the same as that of the crest of the rump to the ground.
Loin: Firm and muscular.
Rump: Rounded, but not dropped.
Ledge: The extremity of the sternum should be slightly prominent and present quite high.
Chest: Tilted to the elbow. Its amplitude is equal to 2/3 of its height. In large poodles, the thoracic perimeter, measured behind the shoulders should be at least 10 cm greater than the height at the cross.
The chest is oval and wide in the dorsal part.
Belly and flanks: Raised, but not bound.

Of quite high implantation, at the height of the spine margin.
It can retain its natural length or be cut in a third, as close as possible to the body, or half of its natural length. When the dog is at rest, the tail is dropped. When the dog is in action, it rises obliquely.



They are perfectly straight and parallel, well muscled and solid bones. The height of the elbow to the ground is slightly greater than the height at the cross.
Shoulders: They are oblique and muscular. The shoulder blade and humerus form an angle of about 110º.
Arm: The length of the humerus corresponds to that of the shoulder blade.
Carps: Continue the anterior line of the forearm.
Metacarps: Solid, and almost straight, seen in profile.
Feet: They are rather small, firm, in the form of a short oval. The fingers are well arched and together. The pads are hard and thick. Nails are black in black and gray dogs, black or brown in brown dogs. In white dogs, nails can present the full range of horn colors, which reaches black. In the dogs orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn, they are brown or black.

Seen from behind, the hind limbs are parallel, the muscles are well developed and well apparent. The hock is well layered. The coxo-femoral, tibio-femoral and tibio-tarsal angles should be marked.
Thighs: They are very muscular and robust.
Metatarsals: Pretty short and vertical. The Poodle must be born without spurs on the hind limbs.
Feet: See forelimbs.

The Poodle moves with small quick and light jumps.


It is flexible, laxity free, pigmented. The poodles of black, brown, gray and orange fawn or reddish fawn should have a pigmentation according to the color of the coat. In whites, silver skin is valued.

• Curly hair poodle: abundant hair, fine texture, woolly, well curly, elastic and resistant to hand pressure. It must be dense, very abundant, of uniform length, forming regular loops.
• Hair Poodle in the form of tufts: Abundant hair, fine texture, woolly and tight. Form characteristic strings that must measure at least 20 cm.

Single-colored hair: black, white, brown, gray, brown fawn
ranched (apricot) and red fawn.
• Brown: It must be pure, quite dark, uniform and warm. Neither beige nor its clearest derivatives are accepted.
• Gray: It must be uniform, of a pure tone, neither blackish nor whitish.
• Orange fawn: It must be of a uniform tone, without throwing the pale fawn or the sand color, or the red fawn.
• Red Leonado: It must be of a uniform tone throughout the coat. In no case should you throw the orange fawn.
The eyelids, the truffle, the lips, the gums, the palate, the natural holes, the scrotum and the pads are well pigmented.

• Large poodles: Above 45 cm to 60 cm, with a tolerance of 2 cm. The large poodle must be an enlarged and developed reproduction of the medium poodle, which has the same characteristics.
• Medium poodles: Above 35 cm to 45 cm.
• Dwarf poodles: Above 28 cm to 35 cm. The Dwarf Poodle must, as a whole, have the appearance of a small medium Poodle, keep the same proportions as soon as possible and not have any appearance of "dwarfism."
• Toy Poodles: Above 24 cm up to 28 cm (the ideal type is 25 cm) and up to 24 cm (with a tolerance of less than 1 cm). The Toy Poodle has, as a whole, the appearance of the Dwarf Poodle, and keeps the same general proportions that meet all the requirements of the standard. Any trait of "dwarfism" is excluded. Only the occipital crest may be less marked.

Any deviation from the aforementioned criteria is considered as a fault, and its severity is considered to the degree of deviation from the standard and its consequences on the health and welfare of the dog.
• Convex or sunken back.
• Insertion tail too low.
• Dog too nervous.
• Teeth:
• The absence of 2 PM1 will not be considered.
• Absence of one or two PM2, if they are symmetrical.
• The absence of molars 3 will not be considered

• Truffle partially depigmented.
• Whistle-shaped snout (tip of snout
similar to that of a whistle, that is narrow and fine).
• Pointy snout.
• Bowed nasal cannula.
• Teeth:
• Absence of 2 non-symmetrical 2 PM2.
• Eyes too large or sunken in the orbits,
insufficiently dark.
• Ears too short.
• Crouching fall.
• Tail curled over the back.
• Posterior angles too straight.
• Loose and elongated step.
• Thin, soft or hard hair.
• Undefined or non-uniform color: gray black or gray
white, faded fawn, cream fur, beige in brown or very dark brown dogs.


• Aggressive or fearful dog.
• Truffles totally depigmented.
• Absence of type, especially as regards the head.
• Superior or inferior prognathism.
• Teeth:
• Absence of an incisor, a canine or a fang
• Absence of a PM3 or a PM4.
• Absence of 3 PM or more (except PM1).
• Absence of tail or short tail of birth.
• Rams or traces of spurs on the hind limbs.
• Fur that is not unicolor.
• White spots and white hairs on the feet.
• Dogs that exceed 62 cm in large and that
they measure less than 23 cm in the toys.
• Any animal that has traits of "dwarfism": skull
globular, disappearance of the occipital crest, very marked naso-frontal depression, prominent eyes, very short and snout snout, contracted lower jaw, absence of chin.
• Medium groove practically non-existent.
• Very light bones in toys.
• Coiled tail whose limb falls on the flank or rump.

Any dog ​​that shows clear signs of physical or behavioral abnormalities will be disqualified.


Males should present two normal-looking testicles completely descended into the scrotum.

1) Ask for your dog's pedigree

The canine pedigree is a document that the breeder of a breed dog must give you. It is a paper issued by an official canine club where your dog's name, date of birth, who is his breeder, to which breed he belongs, and who are his parents, his grandparents, and his great grandparents.

This way you can know exactly what its genetic line is. The pedigree certifies that a dog is purebred and that its ancestors, from several generations ago, are too.

When you go to buy a puppy of breed to a serious breeder, he will provide you with the pedigree, as well as the book of vaccinations of your dog, where it is indicated which vaccines it has been given, how many deworming have been done, and what is its microchip number.

Chocolate labrador retriever puppy.

2) Consult a professional

If you have doubts and do not have the pedigree of the dog, consult a specialized breeder in that particular race. You can take your puppy in person and ask him the question. You can also send him a photo.

If you do not have access to any breeder or expert in that particular breed, you can also consult a veterinarian. These professionals for his experience, can help you determine naked eye If your dog is purebred or not, even if you don't have the pedigree.


Hello, good boy to catch a puppy, the mother is of American breed with German shepherd, but it is not known what breed the father is
I want to know if it will be a good race

Vicent Simó says

Very good, I have a puppy of more or less half a meter of cross, I would like to know what races k should be, because I think that one is golden retriever since it has a great relationship, but I don't know the other breed, someone could Give me an idea given the size of this and your relationship? Thank you!

Alejandro Guerra says

Good afternoon, I have an adopted puppy, Shanti, his dad is an old English shepherd and his mom is a Basset hound, could you tell me how to know what breed it is, thanks

Hi Alejandro, it's a mixture of those two races, as you indicated. As far as I know, that crossing does not have a specific name. Greetings!

Someone help me
I don't know much about canicgestion dogs and wanted to ask if it's breed?

miuguel angel says

we want to dop a puppy

Gabriela Valencia Carrasco says

Hello, they gave me a Dog from a Puppy, supposedly it is an Akita breed, but I don't see so many features of an Akita, it has dog features without a breed or a cross, and they have told me that it has Belgian Shepherd features. could you help me know what race is

How do I know what breed my dog ​​is?

Hello, adopt a puppy that has no tail, it is light brown with the black bear like its triangulated ears, only that the opuntqs of the prejas are black and the rest brown, it is small has two months. What breed is it?

Have you seen the parents, or at least the mother? This makes it easier to know the race.

Maria whitewashed says

I was given a dog is chitzu crossed with wolf
What is that breed called?

Thank you for your suggestions I loved this really good page now to apply what I learned

Physical Characteristics

Some of the most notable signs that demonstrate the purity of a dog are: its fur, physiognomy, and color.

First of all, the Poodle is considered a race, with three "variations" within it. That means that, except for the difference in size, each variety is identical to the rest. (Standard, Miniature, and Toy.)

Eyes: The Poodle's eyes must be very dark, oval, and far enough apart so that he has an alert and intelligent expression at the same time.

Ears:The ears of a Poodle should hang near the head and at eye level or slightly below.

Skull: It should be moderately rounded and have a slight but definite stop. (the area between the snout and the head)

Snout: look for a long, straight muzzle with a small chiseled under the eyes. A major flaw here is a lack of chin.

Neck:The neck of a poodle must be proportionate, strong and long.

Keep in mind that the Poodle is essentially square, measuring the same from the cross (the highest part of the back) to the ground as from the point of the chest to the point of the rump.

Note that there is a slight slit behind the ribs, giving the Poodle what its "waist" is. Something remarkable of the breed.

Both the shape of its muzzle and head and of its body in general can help us identify whether it is race or not.

The most advisable thing is to be able to see their parents carefully to try to determine whether or not they have these same characteristics, since they will be fully developed adult Poodles.

TIP: Having a black palate is not an indicator that it is of race.

The curly hair of these dogs is something really remarkable, whatever the variety, the poodle is very appreciated for its abundant mane.

That is why it is good to learn some things to distinguish them through their hair.

Unlike other dogs, the Poodle has only one coat of hair. Anyway this same layer is composed of two types of hair.

The outer part of its fur is curly, thick, and quite wavy. If we look at the inner part it is softer and has a wool-like texture.

Now, this is if we are facing an adult Poodle, it would not be in the case of puppies. They have a softer and less wavy coat. As they grow it will start to get thicker and curly.

Another distinction is that this breed does not release hair and hardly changes it. Its fur is constantly growing and we must cut it regularly to keep it in good condition.

TIP: If you buy it from a hatchery, look at the furniture or floor to see if there is hair scattered around the place.It could be another indicator to guide you.

The best way to get us out of doubt will always be to see the puppy's parents to know what their hair will be like eventually. In case of having it as described above we would be in the presence of a real Poodle!

Height and weight

There are three sizes of Poodle: Toy, Miniature and Standard. These are not different breeds, just different sizes of the same dog.

He Toy poodle It supports up to 10 inches tall and weighs about six to nine pounds.

He miniature poodle He is 11 to 15 inches tall and weighs 15 to 17 pounds.

He Standard Poodle It measures 15 inches and is taller (usually 22 inches), and can weigh between 45 and 70 pounds.

Now, if there is too much variation between weight and height, and in combination with some of the other physical characteristics we mentioned, it will be easier for us to identify whether it is pure or not.

These dogs have a limited variety of colors that will help you determine if your pet is breed or not.

Basically they can be white, black, gray or brown. If it were to be of another variety or tone it may be a mongrel puppy, where one of the parents is a poodle and the other is not.

The "purity" of color is directly associated with race in this case, so it is another good indicator for us to consider.

Pedigree (or Pedigree)

Of course, if you decide to buy your Poodle from a recognized hatchery you can easily check if it has a pedigree or not. It would be the easiest method.

A pedigree is a table that records the line of ancestry of your pet, which is also used in the case of horses and cattle.

Precisely in the case of animals, this table is used as proof of the characteristic qualities of the breed.

An official Poodle farm must have the pedigree that proves the purity of both parents of your pet, and therefore that of your dog.

This certificate is obtained after testing the purity of the breed for several generations, and is issued only by authorized institutions.

Therefore, having pedrigri is irrefutable proof of the purity of the animal.


We have tried to trace the different peculiarities that make the Poodles a different can to the rest.

Of course, once you have shared more time with your pet you will easily realize, not only because of its physique, but because of its character whether it is a real poodle or not.

Needless to say, whether mestizo or breed (unless you are looking to present it in a competition), it should not make a difference so that you receive all the love that this wonderful dog deserves!

See more about

When they just give us a gift or buy a puppy, it is difficult to know if it really is purebred or not, unless you buy it from a certified place since there you can see the origin of their parents and grandparents. However, as the first months pass, along with its development, your pet will acquire traits characteristic of his canine ancestry, and that is where you can determine for sure which breed he belongs to.

Even when each dog deserves affection, respect and care no matter what origin it has, It is important to know if this is pure, since different breeds require different care that will have an impact on the health and welfare of your pet. With that information you can take more precise actions regarding meals, amount of physical activity to be performed, hygiene, etc.

That is one of the reasons why it is essential to know if your pet is pure. Now the question is, how to know?

From 3 months you can already distinguish features that are characteristic of each pure race. For example, the key to distinguishing a pure German Shepherd from a mixed one is the tail: it must be thick rather than thin, in addition to having a black palate. This and other features can be identified by comparing with photographs of reliable internet sites or even other puppies that you know with yours.

Traits of each race

There is no characteristic that defines all pure dogs, but there are some according to their particular breed. These are some:

  • Contrary to the belief that small dog breeds have a sharp and strong bark, that of the original Pug and Dachsund (Sausage) is rather serious.
  • Pure Labradors have a large head, reaching the diameter of their trunk when they are adults. This also has a quadrangular appearance, and most importantly, short and abundant hair. If your dog has it long (if you notice that it curls) it may be because it is a mixture with Golden Retriever.
  • Poodles meanwhile, when they are pure they always have long ears.
  • Shar Pei and Chow Chow have blue tongues. The former are also recognized for having very marked wrinkles throughout the body.

Ask your vet

If you don't convince yourself, you can always ask your veterinarian for guidance. Many clinics perform DNA analysis to know the origin of a dog, this being the most accurate way to determine if the breed is pure or not.